The Medieval City of Rhodes, a fortress – Acropolis, a world cultural inheritance as designated by UNESCO in 1988, is located in the heart of the capital city.
The largest medieval city in Europe is a mixture of different architectures originating from various historic eras, with predominant influence being from the period of the Knights of St. John in the 14o- 15th century.
This monument of Western European late Gothic style was founded in 408 B.C. at the north side of the island and has one of the the best town planning systems, the Ippodamio. The Old City is divided into two distinct urban shapes, Kollakio or else the impressive Castle of the Knights of St. John at the northwest side and the Hora at the south side. Kollakio includes the accommodation of the “Languages” namely the accommodation of the different nations or nationalities, the hospital, the houses of the knights, the church of St. John and the Palace of the Grand Master. The south side of the town, the Hora was much larger, includes the Turkish bazaar around the Mosque of Suleiman, the old market and other buildings where local population namely the Greeks, the Jews and the Latin lived and worked within.
The city is surrounded by well-preserved medieval defensive walls of the 14th and 15th century, length of approximately 4 kilometers and width of approximately 12 meters with ramparts and small towers and a trench, width of approximately 30 meters, with bridges at the gates. The most important street of the city is the street of the Knights of about 200 meters length which leads to the castle of the Grand Master. Crossing the street someone can easily travel in that era, as the Knights’ houses on each side of the road are well-preserved and even now you can easily distinguish the coats of arms’ decorations.
The Medieval City of Rhodes is currently inhabited by about 6,000 people. They provide a modern touch to this architectural achievement without damaging the tradition and the medieval air that transports you to another era playing hide and seek with the ghosts of the past on the ramparts and the embrasures.
Enjoy a romantic stroll in the city of knights or take advantage of the thriving medieval town with all kinds of shops, restaurants, tavernas and nightlife.